Water softeners transform hard water into what is regarded as soft water. The transformation it does is that it reduces the mineral content. My Review here gives some insight into the different types of water softeners. Calcium and magnesium metal are the component of hard water but sometimes it contains bicarbonates and sulfates. Soft water, on the other hand, is the type of water with none or little content of all the minerals mentioned earlier.
A process is used in reducing the calcium, magnesium and sometimes manganese and ferrous iron get dissolved in hard water. The fact is that softener is a method for transforming chemically hard water into a soft water.
Softeners switch the calcium and magnesium contents in hard water by sodium. Sodium does not gather in pipes and also does not react with soap. This means hard water effects are completely removed. The principle of the softener system is easy to understand. Hard water is permitted to enter the water softener. It has a layer of plastic beads and in some instances, the material used is referred to as Zeolite. The layer of materials inside the water softener is saturated with sodium ions. The sodium is replaced with the contents of the hard water, calcium, and magnesium. By the time water comes out of the softener, the water is regarded as soft water.